The etiological concept of diseases and the technique of treatment varies among the various systems of medicine. However , the mode of disease diagnosis (Nosological diagnosis) is common for all systems. It is a fact that the close association between disease diagnosis and remedial diagnosis won in Modern medicine may not be observed in other holistic systems, however , medical diagnosis is having its own importance even in some. The mode of treatment might be either holistic treatment, specific treatment, symptomatic treatment and general lifestyle support to the patient. Modern medicine gives more importance to the specific treatment, whereas, systems like Ayurveda, Homoeopathy, Siddha, Unani, Chinese medicine, Naturopathy etc . give more importance to the holistic concept of treatment, i. electronic. remedy section by considering the bodily, mental and emotional characters and life situation of the sick individual.
However , in these systems also, disease diagnosis is equally important, because, under certain situations, the working of the affected organ or the system of the body has to be backed up. The patient also may require some specific type of support, for which the organ remedies should be deployed. Apart from that, disease diagnosis is important for planning the disease control procedures, prognosis, special precautions, to know the life span threatening situations, prevention of distributing of disease to others. Medical diagnosis is very essential for statistics, research and also to fulfill the academic interests. Above all, because of some medico-legal reasons, the doctor should know the detailed health status associated with his patient. Due to all these reasons, disease diagnosis is a must, regardless of the system of treatment given to the sufferer.
Disease diagnosis and remedial diagnosis can be considered as the two sides from the same coin, hence, both are receiving equal importance. Disease diagnosis is completed by correlating the signs and symptoms of the patients (clinical features) with the information given by the bystanders and the laboratory investigation reports. On certain circumstances, there may be some difficulty in making a diagnosis, because, a number of diseases are having almost similar clinical features. Here’s more about 診断士ゼミナール 評判 take a look at the internet site.
Moreover, hardly ever occurring diseases or a newly surfaced disease may not be identified easily, especially by a general practitioner. Under such circumstances, a specialist’s opinion may be required. Very rarely, a team associated with doctors are involved in the process of diagnosis.
It is far from possible to name each and every disease all of us come across in our day to day practice. According to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), a notable percentage of diseases can’t be named. In such cases, a diagnosis is possible in spite of having several health related symptoms in the patient. Since the individual is suffering, he has to be treated symptomatically. Some symptoms or circumstances are wrongly understood as diseases by the laymen. For example , clinical manifestations like jaundice, fever, vomiting, headache, malaise etc are not diseases; but signs of some diseases. The identifying of diseases is done on various basis. Most of the diseases are called after the person who invented that particular illness (Buerger’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Weil’s disease), some diseases on the basis of region where the disease is common or recognized for the first time (African sleeping sickness, Madhura foot, Japanese encephalitis), on the basis of a few peculiarity of the symptoms (Chikungunya), or even on the basis of the organism responsible for chlamydia (Falsiparum malaria, Amoebic dysentery, Bacillary dysentery), or on the basis of the impacted organ (Myocarditis, Nephritis, Appendicitis), on the basis of cause(Alcoholic hepatitis, Wool-sorter’s disease), based on age (Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Senile dementia), on the basis of pathology(Mixed connective tissue illness, Mucopolyscaccharidosis)etc.
If a group of specific signs or symptoms are found in an individual, it is known as syndrome (Edward syndrome, Down syndrome, Laurence-moon syndrome). Nowadays, we hardly come across a patient having a single illness, whereas most of patients are having a list of diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, idiopathic hypertension, acid peptic disease, senile dementia, degenerative joint disease etc . A lot of diseases are classified under particular group of disorders. For example: Degenerative joint disorders, Inflammatory bowel disorders, Psychosomatic diseases, Life style disorders etc . Here, each group includes several diseases, but are grouped together because of some common features such as pathological or etiological features.
When a person comes to the doctor for the first time, immediate disease diagnosis may not be possible due to various reasons. However , considering the presenting medical features and history given by the individual, the doctor can come to a provisional condition diagnosis. After doing the laboratory research, the final diagnosis is done by correlating the clinical findings with investigation reports. However the treatment is not kept in pending till the final medical diagnosis, especially in case of life threatening diseases such as diphtheria, wherein the treatment has to be started immediately when the illness is suspected, because, if we wait for the lab reports to come, the individual may be critical. Some recent lab tests help in early diagnosis, yet unavailability of sophisticated labs doing such tests is a major insufficiency faced by many countries.
The development of science and technology has made a revolution in medical science. Now the idea of disease diagnosis done only on the basis of clinical examination is outdated. It is now under the custody of some sophisticated machines and laboratory techniques, a number of out of them pose more risk to the health. But , the noteworthy point is, under all lab reports, a disclaimer is created as “correlate with clinical findings”, which emphasizes the importance of case taking and clinical examination done with the doctor. In this era, wherein doctor-patient relationship is disrupted, we encounter many patients saying that the doctor provides abruptly prescribed the medicine or even referred for lab test with out asking much questions and carrying out any sort of clinical examination.
The current studies conducted at Mc Master university on the disease diagnosis is remarkable. They found that the name of the disease creates more anxiety among the patients. For example , a person getting sour eructation may not feel poor when the doctor says that he has acidity, on the other hand, he may get uncomfortable if the doctor tells him that he has Gastro-esophageal reflex disease, which is the medical terminology for recurrent burning eructations. The same thing happens in most of the cancer patients; once the condition is diagnosed as cancer, the particular patients mental and emotional standing starts deteriorating. But , the doctor cant hide the disease from the patient due to several medical and legal issues. The better choice is to secretly tell the medical diagnosis to the bystanders of the patient.
To have an accurate disease diagnosis, the cooperation from the patient and his family members is very essential. Each and every problem felt by the patient should be told to the physician. Some silly matter for the individual may be a vital point for a medical diagnosis and treatment. Similarly, symptoms of lengthy duration may be ignored by some patients. Purposeful hiding of signs and symptoms can be dangerous. Some patients tend not to tell the doctor about the treatment he had taken previously. Frequent change of doctor (doctor shopping) can also cause difficulties. During consultation, patients practices, life situations, characters, food and bowel habits, relationship with others and so on should be told. The reports of previous treatment and investigations ought to be told, which may save the time necessary for a diagnosis. Hence always ask for the discharge summary while getting discharged from any hospitals. While consulting a doctor, always take one person who knows regarding the patient. The patient can also note down their symptoms before going for a consultation, to ensure that he will not forget to tell his signs and symptoms completely. In this busy life, there is a trend that instead of patient going to the doctor, he sends somebody to the doctor for a “consultation”. Also there is an increase of people preferring over-the-counter purchase of drugs without a prescription.